Dental deposits, both soft (plaque) and hard (tartar or calculus), as well as stains and colorations, are not only an aesthetic problem. Due to accumulated impurities and bacteria, they also undermine the health of gums, leading from gum disease and causing chronic gingivitis, which may progress to chronic periodontitis, commonly called «periodontosis» or periodontal disease. Bacteria colonization on a tooth’s surface is recognized as the key etiologic factor in the most common form of oral disease – caries.


Oral hygiene

Dental plaque is the soft tenacious material found on a tooth’s surface that cannot be removed by rinsing with water alone, but only by mechanical cleaning. It is estimated that 1 mm2 of dental plaque contains more than 20 * 107 of bacteria, and over 350 species can be identified.

High-quality plaque control can prevent and control gingivitis, periodontitis and dental caries.

Today, oral hygiene requires a different approach to dental cleaning than that commonly used only a few decades ago. The reason lies in the changes in our dietary habits. This primarily refers to the composition and consistency of the food we eat, which prevents us from keeping our teeth clean in the intervals between brushing. We often eat food that adheres to the dental surface where it remains long enough to initiate various processes. Such processes eventually lead to enamel demineralization and build-up of caries.

In addition to caries, inadequate oral hygiene leads to various periodontopathies, i.e. diseases of the periodontium, the tissue that supports the teeth. Currently, periodontopathies also include chronic periodontitis, a very common and unpleasant condition that may result in tooth loss, which could often be prevented.

All this leads to the following conclusion:

A toothbrush and toothpaste are no longer sufficient for maintaining healthy teeth - Although most people use these alone. The visible appearance of plaque removal seen by brushing one’s teeth does not mean that all the bacteria have been removed from the tooth’s surface. Method and duration of brushing are very important and your dentist can provide you with further details. In addition to brushing, flossing is also very important. It removes food particles from inter-dental areas that cannot be cleaned with a toothbrush. Mechanical cleaning of the tongue is another important segment. After brushing, the tongue should be cleaned in order to remove all food residue and bacteria from its surface that could lead to the occurrence of the previously mentioned diseases and conditions. In addition to various methods of mechanical cleaning, various antiseptic solutions (mouthwash), which reduce the quantity of bacteria in the mouth and thus contribute to the improvement of oral hygiene, are also used.

All these procedures fall within personal hygiene. However, professional dental cleaning has been present in modern dental practice for a long period of time.


Professional dental cleaning

Even when oral hygiene is adequate, professional dental cleaning is required. Discolorations from food and drink very often remain on the dental surface and do not present only an aesthetic problem, but can also cause the previously mentioned pathologies. The most frequent discolorations can be found in smokers and in people who consume large quantities of beverages such as coffee and tea. These discolorations are difficult to remove by brushing alone or they cannot be removed at all. They appear as dark brown or black spots on the tooth’s surface, and they are usually more intensely coloured next to gums (gingival).

Professional mechanical dental cleaning refers to the selective removal of dental plaque from all tooth surfaces. Special attention is given to those surfaces that are usually neglected during brushing. These are most often inter-dental areas and the surfaces of molars and premolars.

The treatment is carried out with the use of small rotating brushes or rubber cups, scalers, curettes, etc. Because this treatment is time-consuming, new methods have been sought out to provide a more effective therapy which is both harmless and comfortable for the patient. The AIR-FLOW® method was introduced to provide an alternative method of stain and plaque removal.


AIR FLOW® method for professional dental cleaning

The AIR-FLOW® method delivers a controlled stream of fine sodium bicarbonate particles (particle size < 100 ?m) to the tooth surface via water spray and compressed air. This procedure is carried out by a dentist or a technician, and lasts, depending on the amount of plaque, between 15 to 30 minutes. It is painless, and since the powder taste is masked with lemon, it is more pleasant for the patient in comparison with traditional methods.

AIR FLOW® is used to remove dental plaque, soft plaque and discolorations (for example, from cigarettes, coffee and black tea). It inhibits the reformation of dental plaque and reduces the adverse effects from plaque acids as sodium bicarbonate alkalizes the area of application. This treatment does not remove tartar. In patients who also have tartar, frequently accompanied with discolorations, tartar should be first cleaned using conventional methods, and then all discolorations should be removed with AIR FLOW®. AIR FLOW® is the best method for cleaning of inter-dental area which is hard to reach with other instruments (brushes and caps). In this way, teeth regain their natural colour and sheen.

Trying to improve the AIR FLOW® method and expand its indications, in addition to the already mentioned powder, a special Clinpro™ prophylactic powder, whose particle size is smaller than 63 ?m and which contains the minimally abrasive amino acid glycine and has a pleasant taste, has been launched. This powder is used for the conditions when the plaque is beneath the gums, i.e. when a surface curettage should be performed. It is also suitable for initial therapy in patients with chronic gingivitis and periodontitis, as well as for maintenance of clean dental pockets.

After the AIR FLOW® treatment, teeth are covered with some of fluoride solutions (Na-fluoride, Aminofluoride) and thus are protected from the adverse impact of acids present in the oral cavity during the first several hours until a protective layer is formed by the settling of saliva glycoproteins. The patients should be advised not to smoke, eat or drink coloured or carbonated beverages for three hours following the treatment. An hour following the treatment, they can drink clear or uncoloured beverages, preferably water.

This method is completely harmless since it does not damage the tooth surface. Sodium bicarbonate is a relatively soft material, readily soluble and biocompatible if ingested.

Professional dental cleaning in people with no inflammation of gums (gingival) or periodontium is recommended twice a year to preserve the health of all oral structures. In people with gingival inflammation, various dental cleaning methods should be combined to achieve and maintain satisfactory results.

For detailed information about the AIR FLOW® method, visit:


Unbundled services


As we use various materials and provide various services, we have adopted an individualized patient approach. Therefore we cannot provide a common price list. During the examination, you will be informed about planned course of therapy, necessary treatments and type of therapy, necessary treatments and type of materials to be used.


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